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Buffalo Grove

Buffalo Grove, officially known as The Village of Buffalo Grove, is located in Lake and Cook County, Illinois. A suburb of Chicago, it lies about 30 miles (50 km) northwest of downtown Chicago. It totals 9.6 square miles (25 square km) of land, with the top three-quarters in Lake County and the bottom quarter in Cook County. Roads in the Village, such as Lake Cook Road and Illinois Route 83, converge on I-294, which takes drivers to O’Hare International Airport 20 miles (32 km) south of Buffalo Grove. As of the 2020 Census, Buffalo Grove has a population of 43,212.

Before US westward expansion, Native American Potawatomi tribes inhabited the present area. The name “Buffalo Grove” comes from the English translation of the Potawatomi name for Buffalo Creek, which flows through part of the village. Initial Homesteaders sold their land to incoming agricultural Catholic German immigrants, who established Saint Mary’s Church and a school. The rural area changed minimally until post-Korean War developers bought and suburbanized the region for veterans. After being incorporated in 1958, Buffalo Grove experienced a population boom for the next 3+ decades, and hosted a 50th Anniversary Celebration in 2008.

Nearly all schools in Buffalo Grove have achieved commendable status or received awards from the state in the 21 century. This, in addition to low crime rate, is attractive to moving families. The village features dozens of recreational facilities, parks and festivals: these include a months-long weekly Farmers Market, two golf courses, extensive walking/hiking paths and popular Buffalo Grove Days. There are also two libraries serving the village, one in Cook County and one in Lake County. Buffalo Grove has an elected council-manager government with home rule status. Because of Buffalo Grove’s location in two counties, different state and national districts represent each portion. The local government’s public works department is nationally accredited because of Buffalo Grove’s water, roads and more. Economically, residents work in areas such as health care, education and professional services, while businesses in the village employ 20,000 daytime workers in ten (10) million square feet of commercial and industrial space.



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